Ironclad Art: Vancouver’s Manhole Covers

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Article by Matthew Kleywegt

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LL INTENTIONALLY FORMED OBJECTS in a city are designed. They exist because they serve a desired function. However, beauty is a function not everything gets to perform. In most cities, manhole covers fall into this category.

This past summer, for the second time since 2004, Vancouver held its Ironclad Art Competition. This competition, open …